Psychotherapy of the past was mainly concerned with examining and correcting the patient's attitude toward the illness. Modern clinical psychology has methods and opportunities to deal with psychosomatic disorders based on their pathogenesis. The source of these disorders is in the human psyche; it is the neurosis, the somatization of which leads to illness.
If we consider the part of psychosomatics related to somatized neuroses, all the rules of psychotherapy laid down by Jaspers come into play: the discovery of psychological trauma in the disease pattern, the search for it, and its deactualization in the past.
Awareness therapy combines work with bodily symptoms (with the support of therapists) and the search for the psychological trauma that led to them and the possibility of working through it. Mindfulness therapy is a field that grew out of body-oriented therapy, striving for a holistic approach, trying to integrate all the best of modern psychotherapy.
Body sensations, often described in the form of images, lead us along an associative path to precisely that point, that place and time in the past, which are relevant to the problem understudy in the present and serve as a suitable turning point for possible change. Most often these are psychodramatic episodes, but there are also forgotten resourceful experiences in need of integration. These are what the symptom points to when viewed as a signal of a forgotten and disintegrated experience.
In this view, we see illness as a reminder of an experience that needs to be reintegrated, and which may be lost to personal development otherwise. Illness is not a fatal accident or a consequence of tragedies that have happened, but only a persistent way of reminding us of events that must be relived and, this time, in their entirety.
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